New Zealand Election Study
Election Studies Analysis Research Contacts
Search

NZES Home
Corrected Table 10.2 in Voters' Victory?


 
Table 10.2: Changes in Correlates of Discontent 1993-96 Panel
    Responsiveness index 1993 Responsiveness index 1996 Change in responsiveness Distrust government 1993 Distrust government 1996 Change in distrust Fairness index 1996
Gender                
  Female 81 73 -8 50 49 -2 28
  Male 77 66 -10 44 36 -7 21
                 
Age                
  18-29 83 72 -11 51 45 -6 29
  30-39 75 58 -17 48 43 -5 20
  40-49 78 70 -8 51 45 -6 24
  50-59 75 68 -7 43 40 -3 24
  60-69 85 78 -7 47 45 -2 24
  70 and above 78 71 -7 44 37 -6 26
                 
Education                
  Primary 83 76 -7 46 45 -1 28
  Secondary, trade or tech 76 65 -11 48 38 -10 20
  University degree 63 45 -18 48 41 -7 14
                 
Ethnicity                
  Maori 96 86 -10 66 65 -1 42
  Non-Maori 78 69 -9 46 44 -2 23
                 
Household income                
  Below $29,000 86 78 -9 50 47 -4 31
  $29-67,000 77 69 -8 46 40 -6 20
  Above $67,000 71 61 -10 45 40 -5 22
                 
Attitudes toward parties                
  Labour 87 78 -10 60 54 -6 27
  National 61 50 -10 26 22 -4 9
  Alliance 91 86 -5 62 60 -2 46
  New Zealand First 92 95 3 54 68 14 49
  No Party Preference 85 76 -9 55 49 -6 31
                 
Incumbent evaluations                
  Negative evaluation of Bolger 92 86 -6 67 59 -8 39
  Positive evaluation of Bolger 68 55 -13 32 29 -3 11
                 
  Disapprove of local MP 88 78 -9 64 52 -11 35
  Approve of local Mp 70 63 -7 39 37 -2 22
                 
Policy Satisfaction                
  Want more/less social spending 91 84 -7 63 60 -3 40
  No change in social spending 74 59 -15 41 33 -7 18
                 
Ideological self-placement                
  Left 86 79 -8 65 60 -5 33
  Middle 81 80 -1 50 50 0 27
  Right 64 51 -13 21 27 6 15
                 
Voting behaviour                
  Voted for MMP in 1993 87 77 -10 59 52 -7 26
  Voted for FPP in 1993 66 59 -7 32 32 -1 21
                 
  Total 79 70 -9 47 43 -4 24
  n 1271 1260   1222 1246   1068
Notes: Scales were constructed so that positive values indicate cynicism and negative values indicate contentment. Table entries are the proportion of each group scoring above 0. See Appendix B for questions used in these scales. All variables are significant at p < .01 except for gender and age.

 




Copyright © 1990-2008 New Zealand Election Study. All rights reserved.
Site design by Creative Element