About the 1990 Study
The 1990 study incorporated variables from the 1987 NZES but widened
the perspective to include a much greater range of attitudinal data, economic
voting, political and social values, strategic voting and party images,
and led to the construction of comprehensive multivariate models of voting
choice. The resulting data set included approximately 2,100 responses contributing
to a response rate of about 71 percent
If you want to understand the 1990 election read Voters Vengeance
Click on the cover image for further information
The 1990 NZES was initially funded by the Social Sciences Research Fund
Committee, and later by the Foundation for Science, Research and Technology.
Considerable assistance was provided by the Department of Political Studies,
University of Auckland, and the Department of Politics, University of Waikato,
and some supplementary funding was provided by the University of Waikato
The principal researchers (with current affiliations) are:
For a more detailed description of the 1990 study see Vowles and Aimer (1993) Voters' Vengeance: The 1990 Election in New
Zealand Auckland: Auckland University Press.
Elector Questionnaires for are available upon request
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